How to Treat Multiple Kidney Cysts

Multiple renal cysts may develop on small tubes in the kidneys. The simple kidney cyst is different from the cysts that develop when a person has polycystic kidney disease, which is a genetic disease. Although its cause is not fully understood, the simple cyst is not an inherited condition. Simple renal cysts become more common as people age. Nearly 30 percent of people over the age of 70 have at least one simple kidney cyst.

One may inherit renal cyst congenitally. On the other hand, they can be acquired after the birth, due to problems in the kidney tubule. One of the causes of renal cyst is intestinal parasite infection, such as by tapeworm. Kidney cysts are most commonly seen in patients undergoing dialysis. The patients who are undergoing peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis are especially, at the risk of formation of multiple and bilateral renal cysts. The patient may suffer pain as the growing cyst stretches its wall. Some of these cysts grows to be larger than the kidney itself and puts pressure on it and obstruct the drainage from it. In addition, they also cause pressure on the other organs in the vicinity such as stomach and intestine. Sometimes they burst, bleed and become an easy target for infection.

Complex renal cysts manifest in many disorders and diseases. These incidences include polycystic kidney disease, medullary sponge kidney and medullary cystic disorder. They also appear in the diseases such as cysts of the renal sinus (or peripelvic lymphangiectasia) and acquired cystic kidney disease. They are also found in patients with chronic kidney failure and multilocular cysts, which is also referred to as multilocular cystic nephroma. These cysts may also be observed in disorders such as multicystic dysplastic kidney and pyelocalyceal cysts. Few other disorders, which are characterized by the presence of these cysts are nephronophthisis and von Hippel-Lindau disease.

If your cyst is large or causing you discomfort, you should undergo some form of treatment. You don't need invasive surgery to treat a kidney cyst. In some cases, a doctor can insert a needle into the body and, using ultrasound to guide the way, drain the fluid from the cyst. Alcohol is then injected into the area to firm the affected tissue. Even with larger cysts where surgery is called for, highly invasive surgery isn't necessary. Instead, the surgeon inserts a tool called a laparoscope into a small incision in the abdomen. This tool can be used to drain the cyst and take out any excess tissue. The recovery time will be minimal, with a hospital stay of one or two days.

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